Exactly When to Eat Dinner to Lose Weight, Says Experts

After a long day at work and maybe even an evening workout to boot, nothing is quite as satisfying as coming home to a nice dinner. Of course, chaotic and inconsistent work schedules complicate this fantasy and sometimes we eat this meal at all different hours of the evening.

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Woman eating pasta meatballs for dinner

The question is though, is there a specific time you should be eating dinner? We spoke with Cynthia Sass, RD, CSSD, and NYC- and LA-based performance nutritionist and Sydney Greene, MS, RD, from Greene Health to explore this question further. And luckily, there isn’t just one best time to eat dinner.

(Related: 108 Most Popular Sodas Ranked By How Toxic They Are.)

What is the best time to eat dinner so that you don’t eat too late?

Eating a big meal before bed could wreak havoc on your sleep cycle, so it’s important that you time your dinner plans accordingly to avoid potentially ruining a restful night’s sleep.

“The goal is to finish eating dinner, and any dessert, at least 2-3 hours before bed,” says Greene. “For most [people], with hectic workdays, this is not entirely realistic so set a non-negotiable 1 hour before bed that is food-free. Research shows that those who go 2-3 hours without eating before bed have a decreased cancer risk, insulin resistance, and inflammation.”

Sass also shares a similar viewpoint. “I generally recommend three hours between the time you finish eating and the time you go to bed,” she says. “The exception is if you’re an athlete or on a strength training program and trying to build muscle. In this case, a lightish protein-rich snack about one hour before bed is recommended.”

Is there a particular amount of hours you should wait between the time you eat lunch and when you eat dinner?

“In general, I encourage clients to aim for 3-5 hours between meals as this allows the body time proper time for digestion,” Greene explains.

Sass also says that between 4-5 hours is a sufficient amount of time to wait between meals and, as she told us in the story, “This Is the Best Time to Eat Lunch” practicing mindfulness is key in determining when your body needs its next meal.

“I advise my clients to pay attention to hunger and fullness cues in addition to energy, mood, and other indications of when and how much to eat,” she says. “I believe it’s best to have a mild to moderate level of hunger when you eat—not starving, but some concrete physical signs and symptoms of hunger.”

RELATED: 11 Mindfulness Hacks to Eat Less, According to Experts

What if you have a light snack in between meals?

Greene shares a similar perspective on the importance of mindfulness as Sass.

“Listen to your body. If only two hours have gone by since you had your snack, go ahead and have dinner. It is better to sit down for a meal a little hungry than totally ravenous, as this prevents overeating,” says Greene. “Since most [people] have lunch around noon and 1 pm and then dinner around 7 pm and 8 pm, I recommend aiming for a snack around 3 pm and 4 pm.”

Greene also points out that a snack should be less than 200 calories and provide some kind of protein and, ideally, have less than five grams of sugar.

What if you work late or like to work out after work?

The most important takeaway from this question is to not skip dinner, says Greene.

“I find when people skip meals, they lean more on snacks, which leads to overeating due to lack of overall satisfaction,” she explains. “If [you’re] working out after work, have a light snack around 4 pm.”

As a post-workout snack, Greene suggests one string cheese with an apple, or two dried dates with 1-2 tablespoons of peanut butter, or a handful of high fiber crackers and 1-2 tablespoons of hummus. She also recommends packing a few nuts to eat post-workout so you can immediately replenish your muscles. “Dinner can then be something light [like] a green smoothie, veggie scramble, [or] turkey roll-ups.”

Sass says that if you work late, you should pack your dinner or order something healthy into the office.

“You don’t want to work late, come home, eat dinner and go right to bed,” she says. “This doesn’t allow your dinner to digest well before sleep, which can interfere with sleep and may lead to weight gain because metabolism slows during sleep as your energy demand is lower during this time.”

Sass says that if you hit the gym after dinner, it’s best to split your meal in half and eat the first half a few hours before your evening sweat session. Then, go ahead and eat the other half afterward. She recommends eating the carb-heavy portion of your dinner prior to working out so that you have the energy to power through it and saving the vegetables, protein, and healthy fats for the post-workout part of your dinner.

What happens if you don’t eat a sufficient meal for dinner?

Eating a big meal can disrupt your sleep cycle just as much as not eating enough before bed.

“You may not sleep well or you may wake up in the middle of the night hungry,” explains Sass. “You also miss out on key nutrients needed for maintenance, repair, and healing of cells in the body.”

Now you probably have a better idea of when you should eat dinner, with a few main factors considered! For more ways to keep health top of mind at the end of the day, don’t miss these 9 Healthy Dinner Habits For A Flat Belly.

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According to the American Heart Association, heart disease accounts for about 33 percent of deaths in the U.S.—claiming one life every 38 seconds. Those are some scary numbers, but you can avoid becoming a statistic by looking at what you eat more closely.

Revamping your diet can help drastically improve your cholesterol and blood pressure levels. The AHA recommends a diet full of colorful fruits and vegetables, fiber-rich whole grains, low-fat dairy, skinless poultry and fish, nuts, legumes, and non-tropical vegetable oils such as olive oil. The heart-healthy diet emphasizes fiber, omega-3s, and lean protein, and it shuns animal-based saturated fats and trans fats, as well as excess sodium and sugar.

Read on to see which sodium- and fat-laden foods you should avoid to keep your heart pumping properly, and then replace these offenders with our 20 Best Foods for Your Heart.

Americans consume a staggering 22 pounds of candy a year. And while most of it is chocolate, we doubt the population is picking the heart-healthy 70 percent dark chocolate bars over a Snickers every time. Whether you’re grabbing a lollipop at the doctor’s office or popping a handful of M&Ms after lunch, candy is basically straight-up sugar in every shape and form—and can increase fatty deposits, putting you at risk for heart disease. If you find your willpower silenced by your sweet tooth more often than not, put these tips to cut back on sugar to good use.

It’s no secret that potato chips are not a friend to a healthy eating plan. They’re high in calories, fat, and sodium—and are especially hard to quit noshing on after just one serving. A low-sodium diet is essential for a healthy heart, as the American Heart Association explains that eating over 2,300 milligrams (equivalent to one full teaspoon) of salt a day can increase your risk of high blood pressure—a serious risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Save your heart and skip the crunchy salt-dusted spuds. Be sure you’re staying away from any of The Unhealthiest Potato Chips on the Planet!

Most commercial pancake and waffle syrups are made with high fructose corn syrup rather than real maple syrup. According to Harvard Medical School, consuming too much fructose can lead to an increase in blood triglycerides, which increases blood pressure, LDL cholesterol, and taxes your ticker and arteries. Make sure you’re not choosing any of The Worst Breakfast Foods That Set Your Day Up for Failure, either.

Canned soups may provide a convenient lunch when you’re short on time or ingredients, but despite the produce they pack in, they’re far from heart-healthy thanks to their high sodium content. Get this: Campbell’s Chunky Creamy Chicken and Dumplings Soup packs in 890 milligrams per cup—that’s just under forty percent of the sodium limit the FDA recommends per day!

Snoop through the ingredients of that bottle of Coffee-Mate in your fridge or the powdered version in your pantry, and you’ll notice mono- and diglycerides on the list. These man-made fatty acids contain trace levels of trans fats, which can increase your harmful LDL cholesterol levels while decreasing your good HDL levels—a double whammy for heart disease. Stick to topping your morning Joe with a humble splash of whole milk. Thinking you’re having too many cups of Joe? Well, here are 5 Side Effects of Drinking Too Much Coffee.

Leave the apple crumble and devil’s food cake on the store shelf where it belongs. Not only do commercially baked cakes contain boatloads of sugar, they may also come concocted with partially hydrogenated oils—aka potential sources of trans fat. While trans fats have been banned from manufactured foods, you can still find them in baked goods and many restaurant foods.

Cracking open too many cold ones isn’t just adding inches to your waistline, it’s also likely preventing your heart from pumping properly. “Drinking soda has serious consequences,” Adam Splaver, MD, clinical cardiologist and co-founder of NanoHealthAssociates warns us in 15 Foods That Tax Your Heart. “Regular soda promotes an insulin spike, which leads to weight gain and can cause a host of metabolic disorders. Beyond the sugars, soda has phosphoric acid which can promote osteoporosis and may be a cancer-causing agent. And the sugar can lead to inflammation which causes cardiovascular disease.”

Think you’re doing your body a favor by replacing that can of regular soda with a Diet Coke? Just because sugar-free pops don’t contain actual sugar, it doesn’t mean it’s any better than the real thing. “Artificial sweeteners can lead to the same spike and risk of metabolic disease; a recent study indicated that excessive drinking can counterintuitively lead to weight gain,” Dr. Splaver says. “Consuming diet soda will tell your pancreas to make more insulin, which will increase your adiposity (fat deposits) and risk of cardiovascular disease.”

Consider this: Marie Callender’s Apple Pie contains six grams of saturated fat per serving—which amounts to about half of the American Heart Association’s daily recommendation in just one slice. Before placing an elegantly-latticed pie as the centerpiece of your dinner table, keep in mind that the dessert isn’t only detrimental to your heart, it’s also one of the worst foods for your brain.

If you’re an avid reader of Eat This, Not That!, we’re not surprised you’ve already swapped out that loaf of Wonder bread for fiber-rich Ezekiel. Not only will this switch help you fend off belly fat, it’ll also prevent heart disease. Unlike unadulterated whole grains, refined grains (those found in white bread) are stripped of the fiber, minerals, phytochemicals, and healthy fats—all of which promote heart health.

Processed foods are far from the cornerstone of a healthy diet, but buttery biscuits are one of the prime culprits of heart disease. They pack in a triple threat to your ticker: saturated fats, sodium, and barely any fiber.

Indulging in a scoop of cookies and cream every so often isn’t off limits on a balanced diet, but spooning out the whole pint in one sitting can definitely do damage. “Such foods lead to a surge in insulin and triglycerides, raise systolic blood pressure and heart rate, and cause blood platelets to become sticky and to clump, which can cause blockages in the small vessels of the heart and reduce blood flow to the heart. Those conditions could ‘eventually cascade to a heart attack,’ if blood flow to the heart doesn’t improve,” Dr. Gulati told The New York Times.

Margarine may be touted as a heart-healthy replacement for butter; however, certain tubs are anything but. If your margarine contains any trace of trans fat—look for mono and diglycerides, which can potentially contain trans fatty acids—toss it in the trash and opt for cooking with sterol-rich olive oil instead.

Pouring yourself a bowl of Froot Loops or Lucky Charms is undoubtedly not an ideal way to start your day, especially when it comes to caring for your pumper. Not only do most commercial or kid-centric cereals out there contain processed grains, they are also injected with added sugars. The marshmallow-spiked stuff contains 10 grams of sugar mostly from sugar and corn syrup. While they might bring on all the nostalgia, these cereals are just one of The Unhealthiest Foods From Your Childhood You Should Never Eat Today.

Next time you’re ordering a spicy tuna roll, opt for swapping the sticky white rice for brown. White rice undergoes processing, which strips the grain of its fiber- and nutrient-rich germ and bran. Consuming the stripped grain can lead to insulin spikes, which trigger weight gain—a risk for developing heart disease.

French fries’ favorite condiment is loaded with two heart-harming offenders. Your regular red Heinz bottle packs in four grams of sugar and 160 milligrams of sodium per tablespoon. And let’s be real, who actually manages to achieve the perfect ketchup-smeared bite with just one tablespoon? Spreading the stuff on your sandwiches can easily hike up the sodium and sugar count without even contributing any satiating nutrition.

Toasted croissants may upgrade any breakfast sandwich with their decadent fluffiness and smooth, buttery flavor. Unfortunately, the ingredients responsible for the coveted taste and texture are also deemed dangerous for your heart. A plain croissant from Dunkin’ Donuts is concocted with potentially trans fatty ingredients such as monoglycerides and saturated fat-filled modified palm oil in addition to corn syrup solids, sugar, and fructose.

Yogurt is a cornerstone of a gut-friendly diet thanks to its plethora of digestive-aiding probiotics, yet there are plenty of sugar-filled tubs out there that can not only upset your tummy by feeding the bad gut bacteria, but also cause unsightly insulin spikes. When reaching for a protein-packed container, go for the Greek or Icelandic skyr varieties (they have the most protein per ounce) and double check that it has around 10 grams or less of the sweet stuff. Check out the options we have for you in The 9 Best Low-Sugar Yogurts, Approved by Nutritionists!

Slathering teriyaki sauce over baked chicken may replicate the takeout experience you crave, but it’s not doing any favors for your body. Many bottles are brimming with upwards of five grams of sugar per tablespoon—that’s more than your average ketchup! As with most condiments, it’s easy to go overboard and max out the recommended serving size, hiking up your intake of added sugars for the day.

The frothy combo of smooth ice cream, milk, and thick flavored syrup may have been a key aspect of your childhood diet and the cause of those all-too-common sugar rushes. Nowadays, you know that drastic blood glucose spikes are bad news for both your belly and heart. Get this: Burger King’s chocolate hand-spun shake manages to sneak 112 grams of sugar—that’s about 4 and a half days’ worth of the sweet carb! Need more proof? Here are the 20 Worst Restaurant Milkshakes—Ranked!

Don’t be fooled by the words “low-fat” scribbled on the label; even the reduced fat versions of cured meats contain the preservative sodium nitrate. Nitrates are linked to potential heart disease risk and are known to promote inflammation—a chronic condition that’s directly linked to atherosclerosis.

Just like many packaged deli meats, bacon also contains harmful nitrates and nitrites. Not only that, the sizzled breakfast meat is known to contain high amounts of saturated fats. If you’re craving a BEC before noon, grill a couple of lean low-sodium and nitrite-free turkey bacon strips instead.

With upwards of 1,000 milligrams of sodium per tablespoon, it’s pretty clear why we’re deeming this dip a Not That! for heart health. If you’re hitting up your local Japanese joint, opt for skipping the soy sauce and topping your sushi with pickled ginger, which can aid in digestion and kill any bacteria that may be lurking in your salmon roll.

Instead of dropping a bouillon cube into a pot of slimming soup, opt for using collagen-packed bone broth or low-sodium veggie broth. Bouillon cubes often come full of MSG, a flavoring agent that’s been linked to insulin spikes and fat storage.

Processed meats such as “hot dogs, bacon, sausage, salami, and other deli meats, including deli ham, turkey, bologna, and chicken [were deemed] the worst types of meats for the heart” by long-term observational studies, according to Harvard Health. To make sure you’re getting enough of the metabolism-spiking macro, stock up on lean meats such as turkey, chicken, and grass-fed beef in addition to fatty fish such as salmon and herring. And in case you were wondering, this is What Happens to Your Body When You Eat Bacon.

Total heartbreaker, we know. If you truly want to slash your risk of heart disease, cut the cheddar out of your sub sandwich and stop sneaking a slice of Havarti after dark! The creamy stuff is the largest contributor of saturated fat in the American diet, making up 8.5 percent of our average meals. Numerous studies have linked a high intake of this artery-clogging fat to heart disease, so you’re better off munching in moderation.

While 100 percent fruit juice may be a better pick than soda, the natural stuff can pack up to 36 grams of sugar per serving. By drinking your fruit and vegetables without the skins, you lose the essential fiber that could help normalize elevated blood lipids—a key risk factor for heart disease. Be careful of portion size, most bottles appear to be one serving, but most likely are two, thus doubling the calories and sugar grams you may be drinking in one sitting.

Following cheese, pizza is the second biggest contributor of heart-taxing saturated fat in the U.S. Rather than ordering a large pie for a movie night in, stick to just one slice and pair it with a side salad to help promote satiety and up your intake of fiber—a macro that helps lower bad cholesterol and keep your ticker in top health.

Anything deep fried should be avoided on a heart-healthy diet, French fries included. Potatoes are already high glycemic, causing your blood sugar levels to spike. As you can imagine, dousing the spuds with hot oil and salt isn’t improving their nutritional profile. Instead of ordering fries on the side, opt for a baked potato with the skin on to reap taters’ vitamin C, B6, and magnesium.

Sorry poutine lovers, gravy isn’t a heart-healthy sauce you should be drizzling on anything. Why’s that? If you often pour a cup of Heinz Home Style Roasted Turkey Gravy over poultry, you’re contributing 920 milligrams of sodium to your dinner! To prevent heart disease, the FDA recommends no more than 2,300 milligrams of the crystals per day and using jarred gravy on the reg could easily inch you closer to that limit.

That heavenly smell of freshly baked dough, aromatic spice, and sweet glaze may tempt you to wake up to a cinnamon bun every morning, but that’s one heart-harming habit we can’t get behind. Cinnabon’s Classic Roll contains 880 calories, 127 grams of carbs, and 58 grams of sugar—that’s more than double the amount of added sugars recommended per day. You’ll want to stay away from these, along with The #1 Unhealthiest Dessert Option at 35 Popular Restaurants.

Save your heart and skip the steakhouse visit. Choosing the fattiest cuts of meat (think ribeye, porterhouse, and T-bone) and pairing it with fat-laden mashed potatoes or creamed spinach may spell out a total dietary disaster. On the other hand, leaner cuts of meat such as London broil, filet mignon, round or flank steak, sirloin tip, and tenderloin weighed below six ounces are recommended by the AHA.

There are better ways to show appreciation than baking a fudgy batch of brownies for your buddies. If you desperately need your fix, swap the bleached flour for a fiber-rich mix of black beans and oatmeal, and opt for using a combo of maple syrup and stevia to sweeten it up.

Much like ketchup, many jarred pasta sauces out there contain loads of sugar and salt. An easy way to bypass the bad stuff? Slather your whole-grain noodles with homemade red sauce, replete with cooked tomatoes’ LDL- and blood-pressure-lowering lycopene. Toss in some minced garlic and onions for an added burst of flavor and anti-inflammatory benefits. Make sure you’re not buying any of The Unhealthiest Pasta Sauces On The Planet!

Much like sausage, deli meats, bacon, and hot dogs are processed meats you want to avoid on the reg thanks to their high saturated fat and nitrite content. Scored front-row seats to a baseball game? Skip the frankfurter and dig into butter-free popcorn instead.

Since shortening hardens into a solid at room temperature, it is mostly comprised of detrimental saturated fats. The Heart Foundation states that replacing just five percent of your daily calories from saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat—such as those found in flax oil—reduces your risk of heart disease by an impressive 10 percent.

It’s no secret that consuming too many muffins can contribute to the eponymous term for the fat lurking around your midsection. Although you can argue that a buttered blueberry muffin satisfies the soul, the treat isn’t doing much good for your heart, either. The two main offenders? You guessed it: Sugar and saturated fat!

There’s no doubt that TV dinners are too tempting not to nuke when you’re short on time, but even some of the seemingly healthy frozen boxes are no-gos. Take Stouffer’s Fit Kitchen Sweet and Smoky BBQ dinner for example: Behind the 27 grams of protein and added veggies, the dish manages to pack in almost 1,000 milligrams of sodium and 16 grams of sugar—two dietary saboteurs.

Two downright dietary demons lurk in this fast food favorite: Salt and saturated fat. While it’s clear that an oozing cheeseburger won’t help your ticker perform at its A-game, find out which ‘wich is okay to dig into from time to time in our report, The Best & Worst Burger From Every Popular Fast Food Chain.

Chalk it up to Chinese takeouts’ sweet sauces, fried tempura breading, MSG-spiked meats, and XL portions. The hefty amounts of sugar, fats, and salt can shock your body enough to elevate your risk of high blood pressure and clot formation post dinner. In fact, the AHA confirmed that a heavy meal may increase the risk of heart attack by about four times within just two hours after eating.

Spreading a teaspoon of butter on whole-grain toast is totally acceptable every so often, but melting it over your popcorn, pancakes, and seafood is spelling out bad news for your pumper. The Heart Foundation recommends replacing saturated fats (such as butter) with polyunsaturated fat (such as flax oil) to decrease both LDL cholesterol and your total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratio.

If you’re concerned about your heart’s health, you may not want to spoon sour cream straight out of the tub. Two tablespoons of Daisy’s Sour Cream packs in 3.5 grams of saturated fat, which can rack up quickly if you’re using the creamy stuff as a dip. Try stirring three parts plain Greek yogurt with one part sour cream for an irresistible topper.

Salad dressings such as honey mustard, ranch, and Italian are often hidden sources of sugar and salt. A diet high in sugar can promote increased fat storage while high sodium intake can increase blood pressure: two major risks for developing cardiovascular disease. Skip the bottled stuff and opt for dressing your salads in extra virgin olive oil, lemon, and a dash of salt.

Ordering the soup before your meal may seem like a sound way to fill up and cut calories by eating less of your main course—except your efforts can backfire if the broth you ordered is jam-packed with sodium. Take this: P.F. Chang’s Hot and Sour Soup Bowl manages to pack in 3,800 milligrams of the stuff!

Ordering a bucket of fried chicken may be a convenient and inexpensive dinner option. However, one too many visits to Colonel Sanders’ house could end up hiking up your medical bills. Just one piece of KFC’s Original Recipe Chicken Thigh packs in 910 milligrams of sodium and 19 grams of fat, two macros that can hike up your risk of heart disease. If you’re trying your hand at making healthier meals at home, you’ll want to check out these 30 Cheap Costco Buys That Make the Membership Worth It!

Back in the 1970s, fat-free products were touted as a healthy option for individuals wanting to lose weight and maintain a healthier lifestyle. Contrary to that outdated belief, we now know that when manufacturers remove fat from foods, they usually add in extra sugar to maintain the taste and texture of the packaged goods. A good rule of thumb is to avoid purchasing any product that is not normally fat-free. Read food labels and ingredient lists to determine many grams of sugar may have been added as a fat substitute.

Thought replacing your two-percent dairy milk with vanilla almond milk was a smart choice? Ever since dairy milk got a bad rap, milk alternatives have risen to prominence, and some definitely don’t deserve the recognition. Flavored and sweetened versions often contain processed sugar while skimping out on cardio-protective fats.

In theory, a green smoothie is the picture of health. But if you’re purchasing your fruit and veggie shake instead of blending it at home, expect to be sipping on a lot more sugar than you bargained for. Plus, most of the sugar comes from fruit-derived fructose, which has been shown to elevate blood triglycerides as well as increase belly fat.

Sure, it’s made with your favorite fruit and packs in a solid dose of vitamins—but one look at the sodium content deems many bottles a total nightmare. For example, Campbell’s canned tomato juice sneaks in a whopping 670 milligrams of sodium. You’re better off busting out the juicer and preparing the Bloody Mary staple yourself.

With barbecue season slowly approaching, you may want to rid your pantry of sugar-laden BBQ sauce. Consider this: Just two tablespoons of Sweet Baby Ray’s Barbecue Sauce contains about the same amount of sugar in Krispy Kreme’s Chocolate Iced Custard Filled donut! For more shockingly sugary foods, check out the 35 Sugariest Restaurant Meals on the Planet.

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